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Monday, 28th September 2015

Open Innovation in Industry, Including 3D Printing

Source: Directorate-General for Internal Policies (EU)

From Executive Summary:

Open innovation is a relatively recent concept, representing a paradigm shift in how companies commercialise industrial knowledge. The core idea of the open innovation model is the opening up of the innovation process to the outside world. From the very beginning open innovation was understood as a concept with economy-wide potential, as a company innovation strategy and business model, not only related to R&D and high-tech. More generally, open innovation is to be seen as a more distributed, more participatory and more decentralised approach to innovation than the traditional, closed innovation model. The more open innovation is successfully embraced by firms and others, the more this will reshape and alter existing regional innovation systems. As a consequence, policymakers need to seriously rethink the existing innovation policy instruments and the overall policy mix.

After attaining broad public interest in 2008/2009, 3D printing and additive manufacturing are on the peak of inflated expectations. Rapid reduction in the cost of 3D printers, increase in accuracy, increase in the variety of supporting material, and expiration of critical patents provide a context for accelerating innovation and application of this emergent technology with various sectors using additive manufacturing and 3D printing.

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Having begun his career in academic libraries, Adrian Janes has subsequently worked extensively in public libraries, chiefly in enquiry work as an Information Services librarian. In this role he has had particular responsibility for information from both the UK Government and the European Union. He wrote a detailed report on sources for the latter which was published by FreePint in 2007, and has contributed articles to FreePint and ResourceShelf. He is involved in training in information literacy and the use of online reference resources.

A Contributing Editor to DocuTicker, he also write reviews for Pennyblackmusic.

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