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Wednesday, 19th August 2015

A Club of High and Severe Unemployment: the Single Market Over the 21 Years 19932013

Source: Civitas (UK)

The distinctive characteristics of unemployment in the single market can only be seen and analysed in a comparative perspective. We will first compare the rate of unemployment over the entire life of the single market of its 12 founder members with ten independent countries, which seem to be most similar − in terms of their labour market institutions and productivity − to those of the EU 12: Australia, Canada, Iceland, Korea, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore, Switzerland and the United States.

The three European countries among these ten independent countries − Switzerland, Norway and Iceland – are also given separately since they are of particular interest in any attempt to identify the impact of the EU, since comparison with them provides the best chance, indeed the only chance, of distinguishing European characteristics from EU ones....

Over these 21 years, the 12 EU countries have had a significantly higher rate of unemployment than the ten independent countries.

The contrast between the unemployment rate of non-EU European countries and that of the EU 12 is still more marked. In 18 of these 21 years, EU unemployment has been more than double that of these three countries, and in the other three years, 2004-6, it has been only fractionally less than double. This comparison does not therefore support the idea that there is a peculiarly European high unemployment profile. On the contrary, it suggests that high unemployment is a distinctive and enduring EU characteristic, not a European one.

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Having begun his career in academic libraries, Adrian Janes has subsequently worked extensively in public libraries, chiefly in enquiry work as an Information Services librarian. In this role he has had particular responsibility for information from both the UK Government and the European Union. He wrote a detailed report on sources for the latter which was published by FreePint in 2007, and has contributed articles to FreePint and ResourceShelf. He is involved in training in information literacy and the use of online reference resources.

A Contributing Editor to DocuTicker, he also write reviews for Pennyblackmusic.

More articles by Adrian Janes »

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