Tuesday, 20th May 2014
The European Parliament: A Failed Experiment in Pan-European Democracy?
Source: Open Europe (UK)
From Executive Summary:
The European Parliament (EP) now has legislative powers over the vast majority of EU policies, from regulating working hours to vetoing EU trade agreements. However, while the use of ‘co-decision’, under which MEPs have equal status with national ministers to pass EU legislation, has more than doubled during the last two decades (from 27% to 62%), turnout in European elections has fallen from 57% to 43%. Many individual MEPs work hard and conscientiously for their constituents. However, voters’ declining engagement would suggest that, despite its ever-increasing powers under successive EU treaties, the EP has failed to gain popular democratic legitimacy.
The common view that voter apathy is largely due to a lack of awareness or public ignorance is simplistic. Data from the European Commission’s Eurobarometer public opinion surveys shows that, across the EU, there is no correlation between interest in EU affairs or awareness of the EP and voter turnout. For example, in Romania and Slovakia, 81% and 79% of people respectively say they are aware of the European Parliament, but only 28% and 20% turned out to vote in 2009. In the Netherlands, 61% say they are interested in European affairs – the highest in the EU – yet the turnout of voters at 36% is one of the lowest.
At root, the EP’s failure to connect with voters across Europe is a consequence of the lack of a European ‘demos’. The EP’s brand of supranational democracy has been constructed from the top down, which is illustrated by the high degree of consensus between the main party groupings. Despite representing national parties of different political traditions, the established centre-right European People’s Party (EPP) and centre-left Socialist and Democrat (S&D) party families voted the same way 74% of the time in the 2009-14 parliament, with a heavy bias for “more Europe”. This denies voters a genuine choice, thoroughly undermining the very objective the EP is trying to achieve.
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Having begun his career in academic libraries, Adrian Janes has subsequently worked extensively in public libraries, chiefly in enquiry work as an Information Services librarian. In this role he has had particular responsibility for information from both the UK Government and the European Union. He wrote a detailed report on sources for the latter which was published by FreePint in 2007, and has contributed articles to FreePint and ResourceShelf. He is involved in training in information literacy and the use of online reference resources.
A Contributing Editor to DocuTicker, he also write reviews for Pennyblackmusic.
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