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Saturday, 3rd May 2014

A Global Brief on Vector-borne Diseases

Source: World Health Organization

From More than half the world at risk:

Vector-borne diseases are illnesses caused by pathogens and parasites in human populations. Every year more than one billion people are infected and more than one million people die from vector-borne diseases including malaria, dengue, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, yellow fever, lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis.
One sixth of the illness and disability suffered worldwide is due to vector-borne diseases, with more than half the world’s population currently estimated to be at risk of these diseases. The poorest segments of society and least-developed countries are most affected....

...Dengue, for example, imposes a substantial economic burden on families and governments, both in medical costs and in working days lost due to illness. According to studies from eight countries, an average dengue episode represents 14.8 lost days for ambulatory patients at an average cost of US$ 514 and 18.9 days for non-fatal hospitalized patients at an average cost of US$ 1491.

Vector-borne diseases therefore play a central role in poverty reduction and economic development. An econometric model for malaria suggests that countries with intensive malaria have income levels of only one third of those that do not have malaria.

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Having begun his career in academic libraries, Adrian Janes has subsequently worked extensively in public libraries, chiefly in enquiry work as an Information Services librarian. In this role he has had particular responsibility for information from both the UK Government and the European Union. He wrote a detailed report on sources for the latter which was published by FreePint in 2007, and has contributed articles to FreePint and ResourceShelf. He is involved in training in information literacy and the use of online reference resources.

A Contributing Editor to DocuTicker, he also write reviews for Pennyblackmusic.

Adrian can be reached at adrian.janes@freepint.com

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