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Thursday, 27th March 2014

Burden of Disease from Household Air Pollution for 2012

Source: World Health Organization

From Summary of Results:

Globally, 4.3 million deaths were attributable to household air pollution (HAP) in 2012, almost all in low and middle income (LMI) countries. The South East Asian and Western Pacific regions bear most of the burden with 1.69 and 1.62 million deaths, respectively. Almost 600,000 deaths occur in Africa, 200,000 in the Eastern Mediterranean region, 99,000 in Europe and 81,000 in the Americas. The remaining 19,000 deaths occur in high income countries.

The large increase in burden compared with the previous estimate of 2 million deaths from HAP from 2004 is mainly due to 1) additional health outcomes such as cerebrovascular diseases and ischaemic heart disease included in the analysis; 2) additional evidence that has become available on the relationship between exposure and health outcomes and the use of integrated exposure-response functions; and 3) an increase in non-communicable diseases.

Although women experience higher personal exposure levels than men,and therefore higher relative risk to develop adverse health outcomes due to their greater involvement in daily cooking activities, the absolute burden is larger in men due to larger underlying disease rates in men.

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Having begun his career in academic libraries, Adrian Janes has subsequently worked extensively in public libraries, chiefly in enquiry work as an Information Services librarian. In this role he has had particular responsibility for information from both the UK Government and the European Union. He wrote a detailed report on sources for the latter which was published by FreePint in 2007, and has contributed articles to FreePint and ResourceShelf. He is involved in training in information literacy and the use of online reference resources.

A Contributing Editor to DocuTicker, he also write reviews for Pennyblackmusic.

Adrian can be reached at adrian.janes@freepint.com

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