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Saturday, 15th February 2014

Crisis in Central African Republic: the EU Response

Source: European Parliamentary Research Service

From An escalating crisis:

The crisis in CAR escalated in March 2013 with the ousting of President Bozizé by a coalition of northern, mostly Muslim, rebel groups – Seleka (Alliance), despite a power‐sharing agreement. Michel Djotodia, the coup leader, became interim president, and dissolved the Seleka. But continued attacks by ex‐Seleka fighters countered by other militias, such as the Christian "anti‐Balaka", degenerated into aggression against Muslim and Christian communities, peaking on 5 December 2013. In just two weeks, more than 1 000 people were killed and some 215 000 internally displaced (IDPs). Thousands have died and more than 1 million have left their homes (one‐fifth of the 4.6 million population). According to UNHCR, on 24 January there were around 922 000 IDPs in CAR, with some 497 000 in the capital, Bangui; another 86 000 are refugees in neighbouring countries. More than half the population needs humanitarian assistance. The United Nations (UN) and other organisations have expressed deep concern at human rights violations and abuses and use of child soldiers, and warn of a risk of crimes against humanity and genocide. Giving in to international pressure, President Djotodia resigned on 10 January 2014. Catherine Samba‐Panza was sworn in as transitional president on 23 January and has appointed a new government. Elections should take place by February 2015 at the latest.

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Having begun his career in academic libraries, Adrian Janes has subsequently worked extensively in public libraries, chiefly in enquiry work as an Information Services librarian. In this role he has had particular responsibility for information from both the UK Government and the European Union. He wrote a detailed report on sources for the latter which was published by FreePint in 2007, and has contributed articles to FreePint and ResourceShelf. He is involved in training in information literacy and the use of online reference resources.

A Contributing Editor to DocuTicker, he also write reviews for Pennyblackmusic.

Adrian can be reached at adrian.janes@freepint.com

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