Home > DocuBase > Article

« All DocuBase Articles


Follow DocuTicker on Twitter   Feed

Thursday, 18th April 2013

The People Smugglers’ Business Model

Source: Parliamentary Library of Australia

From Executive Summary:

Since the late 1990s, people smuggling has been a key focus of political debate on irregular migration to Australia. Most recently, attention has turned to how to ‘break the people smugglers’ business model’. While there is continuing debate about how best to achieve this objective, the business model being referred to remains largely unarticulated, at least publicly.

Examination of recent open source research and Australian case law reveals there is no single ‘people smugglers’ business model’ that explains how people smugglers operate, either internationally or to Australia. However, certain themes are evident, including the predominance of fluid networks over more hierarchical organisations and the flexibility, adaptability and resilience of those involved. It appears that a variety of business models are employed (either explicitly or implicitly) and that they are constantly evolving.

Some basic characteristics of maritime people smuggling from Indonesia to Australia can be discerned from open source information that can be used to outline some of the basic components of a common business model that seems to operate. However, there appear to be many variations on different components of the model. Further, the Indonesia to Australia leg is only part of a much longer journey, and Indonesia is not the only departure point for boats to Australia organised by people smugglers. Finally, while political and popular attention has focused largely on irregular maritime arrivals, people smuggling to Australia also occurs by air.

+ Direct link to document (PDF; 554 KB)



Having begun his career in academic libraries, Adrian Janes has subsequently worked extensively in public libraries, chiefly in enquiry work as an Information Services librarian. In this role he has had particular responsibility for information from both the UK Government and the European Union. He wrote a detailed report on sources for the latter which was published by FreePint in 2007, and has contributed articles to FreePint and ResourceShelf. He is involved in training in information literacy and the use of online reference resources.

A Contributing Editor to DocuTicker, he also write reviews for Pennyblackmusic.

Adrian can be reached at adrian.janes@freepint.com

More articles by Adrian Janes »

Please note: DocuTicker's editors collect citations for full-text PDF reports freely available on the web but we do not archive these reports. When you click a link to find and/or download the report, you are leaving the DocuTicker site. DocuTicker makes no representations regarding the ongoing availability of any report or any external resource. Links were accurate as of the date of posting.

« All DocuBase Articles



FreePint supports the value of information in the enterprise. Read more »

FeedLatest FreePint Content:

  • Click to view the article Curating Commodity Information
    Tuesday, 1st December 2015

    Curating information efficiently is an ever-important skill as the volume of information continues to increase exponentially. Eileen Steer examines how information professionals are curating information and adding value to the data selected before directing it to end-users. She also looks at technology vs human solutions.

  • Click to view the article Laying the Groundwork for Real Change in Stakeholder Attitudes
    Monday, 30th November 2015

    Robin Neidorf, FreePint's director of research, shines the spotlight on the tricky issue of convincing stakeholders of the value of information services. She posits a model of the stakeholder world view and advocates re-constructing that, to show the threat presented by missing information expertise and the potential benefits that can accrue from incorporating it.

  • Click to view the article FreePint for Government
    Monday, 30th November 2015

    Government agencies have to address an additional set of expectations that private companies simply don't face. We identify highlights from recent FreePint articles, Communities of Practice and consulting sessions which are of interest to those in government responsible for adapting information strategy to practice.

  • ... more ...

All FreePint Content »
FreePint Topics »

A FreePint Subscription delivers articles and reports that support your organisation's information practice, content and strategy.

Find out more and order a FreePint Subscription by visiting the
completing our online form: Subscription Order page.

FreePint Testimonials

"We have enjoyed immensely working with FreePint's consulting team. Their broad experience and practical hands-on approach to strategic ..."

Read more testimonials and supply yours »




Receive the DocuTicker Newsletter each week.

Find out more »

Article Categories

All Article Categories »


All DocuBase Sources »

Source Categories

All Source Categories »


All Archives »