Home > DocuBase > Article

« All DocuBase Articles

 

Follow DocuTicker on Twitter   Feed

Tuesday, 7th December 2010

CRS -- Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via OpenCRS)

The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry.

Few will dispute that U.S. universities and industry have chosen foreign talent to fill many positions. Foreign scientists and engineers serve the needs of industry at the doctorate level and also have been found to serve in major roles at the masters level. However, there are charges that U.S. workers are adversely affected by the entry of foreign scientists and engineers, who reportedly accept lower wages than U.S. citizens would accept in order to enter or remain in the United States.

NSF data reveal that in 2006, the foreign student population earned approximately 36.2% of the doctorate degrees in the sciences and approximately 63.6% of the doctorate degrees in engineering. In 2006, foreign students on temporary resident visas earned 32.0% of the doctorates in the sciences, and 58.6% of the doctorates in engineering. The participation rates in 2005 were 30.8% and 58.4%, respectively. In 2006, permanent resident status students earned 4.2% of the doctorates in both the sciences and in engineering, a slight change from the 2005 levels of 3.8% in the sciences and 4.4% in engineering.

Many in the scientific community maintain that in order to compete with countries that are rapidly expanding their scientific and technological capabilities, the country needs to bring to the United States those whose skills will benefit society and will enable us to compete in the new- technology based global economy. The academic community is concerned that the more stringent visa requirements for foreign students may have a continued impact on enrollments in colleges and universities. There are those who believe that the underlying problem of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs is not necessarily that there are too many foreign-born students, but that there are not enough native-born students pursuing scientific and technical disciplines.

Legislation has been introduced in the 111th Congress to attract foreign students in the scientific and technical disciplines and to maintain the interests of American scientists. H.R. 4321, Comprehensive Immigration Reform for America’s Security and Prosperity Act, would, among other things, amend H-1B visa employer application requirements by lengthening U.S. worker protection and prohibiting employer position announcements that specify positions solely to, or give priority to, H-1B visa holders. H.R. 1791, Stopping Trained in America Ph.D.s from Leaving the Economy Act (STAPLE), would place numerical limitations on immigrants who have been awarded a doctorate degree in the scientific disciplines from a U.S. institution and who have an offer of employment from a U.S. employer in a degree-related field.


Category:

Source:




Please note: DocuTicker's editors collect citations for full-text PDF reports freely available on the web but we do not archive these reports. When you click a link to find and/or download the report, you are leaving the DocuTicker site. DocuTicker makes no representations regarding the ongoing availability of any report or any external resource. Links were accurate as of the date of posting.

« All DocuBase Articles

 

FreePint

FreePint supports the value of information in the enterprise. Read more »


FeedLatest FreePint Content:


  • Click to view the article Twitter as a Research Tool - the Benefits and the Dangers
    Wednesday, 29th July 2015

    The article considers the pros and cons of Twitter as a research tool in a corporate context. In particular, it examines issues of trust and reliability - namely, how can good content be distinguished from the bad. Furthermore, there will also be a brief review relating to any potential rules and/or restrictions relating to the use of Twitter content.

  • Click to view the article Researching Oil & Gas - Navigating the Unknown
    Friday, 24th July 2015

    Find out more about the complex and huge oil and gas global markets from clean tech and energy information specialist Mirjam Wolfrum - and why they demand a specific approach to research.

  • Click to view the article Insider Knowledge - Researching Oil & Gas
    Thursday, 23rd July 2015

    Oil and gas have been used for hundreds of years. In the beginning, oil was used to replace whale oil. Since John D. Rockefeller founded the "Standard Oil Company" in 1870, "black gold" has begun to triumph. Today oil and gas still drive today's world economy. Access to and control of these commodities is especially critical to the world's most energy consuming countries. This is why there are numerous international and national industry associations, intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations, profit and non-profit information providers who all provide data for your research, Mirjam Wolfrum provides a guide through the maze.

  • ... more ...

All FreePint Content »
FreePint Topics »


A FreePint Subscription delivers articles and reports that support your organisation's information practice, content and strategy.

Find out more and order a FreePint Subscription by visiting the
completing our online form: Subscription Order page.


FreePint Testimonials

"Every time I go into the collection, I find something useful." Head of Knowledge Services, Global finance

Read more testimonials and supply yours »







 

 
 
 

Subscribe

Receive the DocuTicker Newsletter each week.

Find out more »

Article Categories

All Article Categories »

Sources

All DocuBase Sources »

Source Categories

All Source Categories »

Archive

All Archives »