Home > DocuBase > Article

« All DocuBase Articles

 

Follow DocuTicker on Twitter Bookmark and Share   Feed

Tuesday, 7th December 2010

CRS -- Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via OpenCRS)

The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry.

Few will dispute that U.S. universities and industry have chosen foreign talent to fill many positions. Foreign scientists and engineers serve the needs of industry at the doctorate level and also have been found to serve in major roles at the masters level. However, there are charges that U.S. workers are adversely affected by the entry of foreign scientists and engineers, who reportedly accept lower wages than U.S. citizens would accept in order to enter or remain in the United States.

NSF data reveal that in 2006, the foreign student population earned approximately 36.2% of the doctorate degrees in the sciences and approximately 63.6% of the doctorate degrees in engineering. In 2006, foreign students on temporary resident visas earned 32.0% of the doctorates in the sciences, and 58.6% of the doctorates in engineering. The participation rates in 2005 were 30.8% and 58.4%, respectively. In 2006, permanent resident status students earned 4.2% of the doctorates in both the sciences and in engineering, a slight change from the 2005 levels of 3.8% in the sciences and 4.4% in engineering.

Many in the scientific community maintain that in order to compete with countries that are rapidly expanding their scientific and technological capabilities, the country needs to bring to the United States those whose skills will benefit society and will enable us to compete in the new- technology based global economy. The academic community is concerned that the more stringent visa requirements for foreign students may have a continued impact on enrollments in colleges and universities. There are those who believe that the underlying problem of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs is not necessarily that there are too many foreign-born students, but that there are not enough native-born students pursuing scientific and technical disciplines.

Legislation has been introduced in the 111th Congress to attract foreign students in the scientific and technical disciplines and to maintain the interests of American scientists. H.R. 4321, Comprehensive Immigration Reform for America’s Security and Prosperity Act, would, among other things, amend H-1B visa employer application requirements by lengthening U.S. worker protection and prohibiting employer position announcements that specify positions solely to, or give priority to, H-1B visa holders. H.R. 1791, Stopping Trained in America Ph.D.s from Leaving the Economy Act (STAPLE), would place numerical limitations on immigrants who have been awarded a doctorate degree in the scientific disciplines from a U.S. institution and who have an offer of employment from a U.S. employer in a degree-related field.


Category:

Source:

Views: 2254




Please note: DocuTicker's editors collect citations for full-text PDF reports freely available on the web but we do not archive these reports. When you click a link to find and/or download the report, you are leaving the DocuTicker site. DocuTicker makes no representations regarding the ongoing availability of any report or any external resource. Links were accurate as of the date of posting.

« All DocuBase Articles

 

FreePint

FreePint supports the value of information in the enterprise. Read more »


FeedLatest FreePint Content:


  • Click to view the article Changing Compliance Culture in the Financial Sector
    Thursday, 24th July 2014

    In a speech at the annual Thomson Reuters Compliance & Risk Summit Tracey McDermott of the UK Financial Conduct Authority spoke about the change in focus of the regulator towards corporate culture and the enforcement of personal liability by management. The shift from rules-based regulation to the harder to measure compliance culture may require information managers to review the compliance information in their organisation and who receives it.

  • Click to view the article Product Review of Reg-Track (Sources - Content & Coverage)
    Thursday, 24th July 2014

    In the second part of his review, Chris Porter looks at content coverage in Reg-Track, a regulatory tracking service aimed at compliance professionals focused on the financial services industry. With a focus on the largest financial markets, such as those within North America, the European Union and Asia-Pacific, Reg-Track is also expanding its coverage to additional regulators.

  • Click to view the article Are We Becoming Too Scared of Security to Benefit from Big Data?
    Thursday, 24th July 2014

    Information assets are in the hands of the right people to safeguard them but the wrong people to manage their exploitation concludes an influential new study. As reports continue to emerge of apparent corporate paralysis in the face of cyber security threats, Tim Buckley Owen wonders whether the emphasis hasn't swung too far in that direction, and sees opportunities for information professionals in helping to strike a balance between security in the cloud and effective data analysis for competitive advantage.

  • ... more ...

All FreePint Content »
FreePint Topics »


A FreePint Subscription delivers articles and reports that support your organisation's information practice, content and strategy.

Find out more and order a FreePint Subscription by visiting the
completing our online form: Subscription Order page.


FreePint Testimonials

"It was really useful to get so much input from customers and hear their perspective - I have come into the office this morning full of things ..."

Read more testimonials and supply yours »







 

 
 
 

Subscribe

Receive the DocuTicker Newsletter each week.

Find out more »

Article Categories

All Article Categories »

Sources

All DocuBase Sources »

Source Categories

All Source Categories »

Archive

All Archives »