Home > DocuBase > Article

« All DocuBase Articles

 

Follow DocuTicker on Twitter   Feed

Tuesday, 7th December 2010

CRS -- Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via OpenCRS)

The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry.

Few will dispute that U.S. universities and industry have chosen foreign talent to fill many positions. Foreign scientists and engineers serve the needs of industry at the doctorate level and also have been found to serve in major roles at the masters level. However, there are charges that U.S. workers are adversely affected by the entry of foreign scientists and engineers, who reportedly accept lower wages than U.S. citizens would accept in order to enter or remain in the United States.

NSF data reveal that in 2006, the foreign student population earned approximately 36.2% of the doctorate degrees in the sciences and approximately 63.6% of the doctorate degrees in engineering. In 2006, foreign students on temporary resident visas earned 32.0% of the doctorates in the sciences, and 58.6% of the doctorates in engineering. The participation rates in 2005 were 30.8% and 58.4%, respectively. In 2006, permanent resident status students earned 4.2% of the doctorates in both the sciences and in engineering, a slight change from the 2005 levels of 3.8% in the sciences and 4.4% in engineering.

Many in the scientific community maintain that in order to compete with countries that are rapidly expanding their scientific and technological capabilities, the country needs to bring to the United States those whose skills will benefit society and will enable us to compete in the new- technology based global economy. The academic community is concerned that the more stringent visa requirements for foreign students may have a continued impact on enrollments in colleges and universities. There are those who believe that the underlying problem of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs is not necessarily that there are too many foreign-born students, but that there are not enough native-born students pursuing scientific and technical disciplines.

Legislation has been introduced in the 111th Congress to attract foreign students in the scientific and technical disciplines and to maintain the interests of American scientists. H.R. 4321, Comprehensive Immigration Reform for America’s Security and Prosperity Act, would, among other things, amend H-1B visa employer application requirements by lengthening U.S. worker protection and prohibiting employer position announcements that specify positions solely to, or give priority to, H-1B visa holders. H.R. 1791, Stopping Trained in America Ph.D.s from Leaving the Economy Act (STAPLE), would place numerical limitations on immigrants who have been awarded a doctorate degree in the scientific disciplines from a U.S. institution and who have an offer of employment from a U.S. employer in a degree-related field.


Category:

Source:

Views: 2257




Please note: DocuTicker's editors collect citations for full-text PDF reports freely available on the web but we do not archive these reports. When you click a link to find and/or download the report, you are leaving the DocuTicker site. DocuTicker makes no representations regarding the ongoing availability of any report or any external resource. Links were accurate as of the date of posting.

« All DocuBase Articles

 

FreePint

FreePint supports the value of information in the enterprise. Read more »


FeedLatest FreePint Content:


  • Click to view the article Evolve Your Search Into Solve - Stop the Seven Deadly Sins
    Tuesday, 3rd March 2015

    Nigel Williams of Interact Intranet describes how to go from mediocre search experiences to fantastic "solve" experiences in his article which is part of the FreePint Topic Series "Making Information Visible". He discusses the challenges in making internal content discoverable and covers seven common errors that hinder effective intranet  search, and ways to avoid and overcome them in order to evolve from simply searching for information to solving problems.

  • Click to view the article Source Update for Factiva
    Monday, 2nd March 2015

    The latest additions and takedowns in Factiva, researched and compiled by Anne Jordan.

  • Click to view the article Legal Research Apps Under the FreePint Lens
    Monday, 2nd March 2015

    Reed Smith's national manager of research services, John DiGilio, returns to FreePint to review some of the most popular mobile applications for legal research. As smart technology infiltrates the practice of law, research is becoming increasingly untethered and being conducted more on-the-go than onsite. John takes a hard and practical look at the apps that are disrupting and transforming the way attorneys conduct research. By applying the same stringent criteria across to each review, he hopes to empower librarians and information professionals to lead the transition to mobile rather than being caught behind its curve.

  • ... more ...

All FreePint Content »
FreePint Topics »


A FreePint Subscription delivers articles and reports that support your organisation's information practice, content and strategy.

Find out more and order a FreePint Subscription by visiting the
completing our online form: Subscription Order page.


FreePint Testimonials

"Thank you for coordinating this CoP. My colleague and I both found it quite valuable both in content and in hearing from others. We are looking ..."

Read more testimonials and supply yours »







 

 
 
 

Subscribe

Receive the DocuTicker Newsletter each week.

Find out more »

Article Categories

All Article Categories »

Sources

All DocuBase Sources »

Source Categories

All Source Categories »

Archive

All Archives »