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On Trial: Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa

July 22, 2014 12:04

Source: Chatham House

From Summary:

Increasing agricultural productivity and adapting farming to climate change are central to Africa’s development prospects. There are important opportunities to enhance yields and increase resilience through the adoption of improved crop varieties. In some cases, biotechnology, and in particular genetic modification (GM), offers advantages over conventional plant-breeding approaches. ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Africa - Business and economics - Consumer issues - Environment - Food and agriculture - Globalization - Government and politics - Industries - International - Investments - Legal and law enforcement - Public safety - Safety - Science - Technology - Regulation and compliance

Views: 123 | Source: Chatham House


UK: Speaking Volumes: the Impact of Public Libraries on Wellbeing

July 22, 2014 11:59

Source: Carnegie UK Trust

The Carnegie UK Trust was set up to promote the wellbeing of the people of the UK and Ireland, and we believe that public libraries have enormous potential to improve wellbeing in four broad areas of public policy: social, economic, cultural and education.

Our analysis of wellbeing shows that there are a number of so-called ‘domains of wellbeing’ which can be measured or monitored to explore ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Arts and humanities - Business and economics - Consumer issues - Education - Europe - Health and healthcare - Mental health and substance abuse - Social and cultural issues - Sports, recreation and leisure - Technology - United Kingdom

Views: 68 | Source: Carnegie UK Trust


Bringing the UK’s Open Access Research Outputs Together

July 22, 2014 11:55

Source: JISC

Introduction:

In 2003, the Berlin Declaration on Open Access (OA) proposed that research outputs should be made openly available for use and reuse - with appropriate attribution - via repositories using established technical standards. In 2013 Jisc, Research Libraries UK (RLUK) and the Society for College, National and University Libraries (SCONUL) undertook a feasibility study into the development of an “open ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Arts and humanities - Business and economics - Education - Europe - Intellectual property - Internet - Postsecondary - Science - Security - Technology - Telecommunications - United Kingdom

Views: 62 | Source: JISC


Afghanistan Midyear Report 2014: Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict

July 17, 2014 11:06

Source: United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)

From Executive Summary:

In the first half of 2014, the armed conflict in Afghanistan took a dangerous new turn for civilians. For the first time since 2009 when UNAMA began systematically documenting civilian casualties in Afghanistan, more civilians were found to have been killed and injured in ground engagements and crossfire between Anti-Government Elements and ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Afghanistan - Asia - Government and politics - International - Military and defense - National security - Public safety - Safety - Terrorism

Views: 421 | Source: United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)


UK: House Price Index, May 2014

July 17, 2014 10:59

Source: Office for National Statistics (UK)

Key Findings:

UK house prices increased by 10.5% in the year to May 2014, up from 9.9% in the year to April 2014.

House price annual inflation was 11.0% in England, 6.5% in Wales, 3.6% in Scotland and -0.7% in Northern Ireland.

House prices are increasing strongly across most parts of the UK, with prices in London again showing the highest growth.

Annual house ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Documents in the news - Europe - Housing and real estate - Industries - Social and cultural issues - United Kingdom

Views: 340 | Source: Office for National Statistics (UK)


UK: The Fourth Utility: Delivering Universal Broadband Connectivity for Small Businesses Across the UK

July 17, 2014 10:54

Source: Federation of Small Businesses (UK)

From Press Release:

(T)he Federation of Small businesses (FSB) is calling for Government to adopt much more ambitious targets for rolling out high speed broadband for businesses across the UK. With an estimated 45,000 firms still on dial up, and many more struggling with speeds lower than 2 Megabits per second (Mbps), it is clear that while the residential market may be seeing the ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Documents in the news - Europe - Government and politics - Industries - Internet - Investments - Small business and entrepreneurship - Technology - Telecommunications - United Kingdom

Views: 326 | Source: Federation of Small Businesses (UK)


Europe: Action Plan on the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights

July 15, 2014 13:09

Source: European Commission

On 1 July 2014 the Commission adopted a Communication on an Action Plan aiming at renewing the consensus on the enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights. With this Action Plan the Commission seeks to re-orientate its policy for intellectual property enforcement towards a better compliance of IP rights by all economic actors. Rather than penalising the citizen for infringing – often unknowingly – ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Crime - Europe - Globalization - Government and politics - Industries - Intellectual property - International - Internet - Legal and law enforcement - Media and entertainment - Technology - Regulation and compliance

Views: 518 | Source: European Commission


UK: The Beating Heart of the School

July 15, 2014 13:02

Source: Libraries All Party Parliamentary Group (UK) via CILIP

From the Introduction:

School libraries and school library provision are at a critical juncture.    In a time of educational reform, financial constraints and devolution of decision making powers, every aspect of school life has to demonstrate its value to the wellbeing and attainment of the pupils in school. The All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) for ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Arts and humanities - Children and families - Education - Financial issues - Government and politics - Internet - K-12 - Science - Social and cultural issues - Technology

Views: 335 | Source: Libraries All Party Parliamentary Group (UK)


Local Consumer Review Survey 2014

July 15, 2014 12:58

Source: BrightLocal

This survey is an annual exploration into how consumers read & use online reviews. It seeks to quantify the value that users place on the reviews they read & how this impacts their opinions & actions when seeking a local business to use. The survey is specifically concerned with the reviews & purchase of local business services and not wider product reviews.

+ Charts (PDF; ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Industries - International - Internet - Media and entertainment - Small business and entrepreneurship - Technology - Telecommunications - North America

Views: 305 | Source: BrightLocal


UK: Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Bill

July 15, 2014 12:51

Source: Parliament (UK)

From Library Research Paper:

The Government argues that emergency legislation is needed to ensure that UK law enforcement and intelligence agencies can maintain their ability to access the telecommunications data they need to investigate criminal activity and protect the public. There is cross-party agreement on the need for the Bill.

In April 2014, the European Court of Justice declared invalid a ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Crime - Documents in the news - Europe - Government and politics - Human rights - Industries - International - Internet - Legal and law enforcement - Media and entertainment - Military and defense - National security - Privacy - Security - Social and cultural issues - Technology - Telecommunications - Terrorism - United Kingdom - Regulation and compliance

Views: 344 | Source: Parliament (UK)


International and Historical Anti-poverty Strategies: Evidence and Policy Review

July 10, 2014 17:15

Source: New Policy Institute (UK)

Aim of this report:

This report aims to do two things. Firstly, it sets out how poverty in the UK compares to other countries, in Europe and elsewhere. Secondly, it compares approaches to reducing poverty across these countries, to look for evidence of strategies that work across the whole population.

This report considers the many different strategies for reducing ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Business and economics - Europe - Government and politics - International - Poverty - Social and cultural issues - United Kingdom - North America - Emerging Economies

Views: 535 | Source: New Policy Institute (UK)


Report on the Surveillance Program Operated Pursuant to Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

July 10, 2014 17:12

Source: Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board

From the Introduction:

The Section 702 program is extremely complex, involving multiple agencies, collecting multiple types of information, for multiple purposes. Overall, the Board has found that the information the program collects has been valuable and effective in protecting the nation’s security and producing useful foreign intelligence. The program has operated under ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Consumer issues - Crime - Documents in the news - Government and politics - Human rights - International - Internet - Legal and law enforcement - Military and defense - National security - Privacy - Security - Social and cultural issues - Technology - Telecommunications - Terrorism - North America - Regulation and compliance

Views: 521 | Source: Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board


UK: Inner Thames Estuary Feasibility Study 1: Environmental Impacts [New London Airport]

July 10, 2014 17:08

Source: Airports Commission via GOV.UK

From Executive Summary:

In December 2013, the Airports Commission identified that while an Inner Thames Estuary location had the potential to provide a significant reduction in the noise impacts compared to most of the phase 1 options and create economic and regeneration activity in north Kent and Essex, it also presented some clear challenges on which further information was needed before a ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Air travel - Business and economics - Environment - Europe - Government and politics - Infrastructure - Investments - Science - Transportation and travel - United Kingdom

Views: 458 | Source: Airports Commission (UK)


2014 Global Destination Cities Index

July 10, 2014 17:04

Source: Mastercard

From the Introduction:

The impacts of travel on destination cities that receive visitors are very significant from the business, social, and cultural perspectives. International visitors’ spending constitute an increasingly important source of business revenue in
a destination city, encompassing the hospitality, retail, transport, sports, and cultural industries, among many others. In many instances, ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Asia - Business and economics - Consumer issues - Europe - Industries - International - Lists & Rankings - Middle East - Sports, recreation and leisure - Transportation and travel - United Kingdom - North America - South America

Views: 582 | Source: Mastercard


UK Wages Over the Past Four Decades - 2014

July 8, 2014 15:48

Source: Office for National Statistics (UK)

Key Points:

• Employees aged 21 in 1995 earned 40% more after adjusting for inflation by the age of 39 than those aged 21 in 1975 did up to the age of 39.

• Average hourly earnings peaked at older ages in 2013 compared to 1975.

• The difference between male and female average pay for the under 30s has decreased dramatically since 1975.

• ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Business and economics - Europe - Industries - Labor - Legal and law enforcement - Poverty - Social and cultural issues - United Kingdom - Regulation and compliance

Views: 495 | Source: Office for National Statistics (UK)


UK: What Are Words Worth Now? A Survey of Authors' Earnings

July 8, 2014 15:43

Source: Authors' Licensing and Collecting Society (ALCS)(UK)

From Press Release:

“What Are Words Worth Now?”, a survey of almost 2500 working writers, commissioned by the Authors’ Licensing & Collecting Society (ALCS) and carried out by Queen Mary, University of London has found that increasingly few professional authors are able to earn a living from their writing.

The survey found that in 2013, ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Arts and humanities - Business and economics - Europe - Industries - Intellectual property - Labor - Legal and law enforcement - Media and entertainment - Poverty - Social and cultural issues - Sports, recreation and leisure - United Kingdom

Views: 743 | Source: Authors' Licensing and Collecting Society (ALCS) (UK)


OECD Economic Surveys: Korea June 2014 (Overview)

July 8, 2014 15:40

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

From Main Findings:

Korea has been among the fastest growing OECD countries during the past decade. However, subdued growth during 2011-12 revealed structural problems, such as high household debt, a lagging service sector and weak small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This has raised concerns about Korea's traditional catch-up strategy led by exports produced by ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Asia - Business and economics - Energy - Environment - Government and politics - Industries - International - Poverty - Science - Small business and entrepreneurship - Social and cultural issues - Taxation - Technology

Views: 432 | Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development


News Consumption in the UK: 2014 Report

July 5, 2014 10:14

Source: Ofcom (UK)

From Press Release:

Accessing news on the web and mobile apps is now as popular as reading a newspaper, new Ofcom research finds.

Some 41% of people say they now access news on websites and apps, up significantly from 32% in 2013.

Four in ten people (40%) say that they read newspapers to follow the news, which is unchanged year on year, according to Ofcom’s News Consumption in the UK ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Consumer issues - Europe - Industries - Internet - Media and entertainment - Social and cultural issues - Sports, recreation and leisure - Technology - Telecommunications - United Kingdom

Views: 905 | Source: Ofcom (UK)


UK: Making the Grade: How Government Investment in Further Education Can Benefit Single Parents and the State

July 5, 2014 10:08

Source: Gingerbread (UK)

From Top Findings:

Our new research has found that single parents with intermediate qualifications can:

• Earn more money, a difference of £1,500 a year on average if working 30 hours a week
• Compete better for jobs
• Spend less time out-of-work
• Have improved job security....

All too often single parents who are looking for work are not allowed ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Business and economics - Children and families - Education - Europe - Government and politics - Labor - Postsecondary - Poverty - Social and cultural issues - Taxation - United Kingdom

Views: 590 | Source: Gingerbread (UK)


Fencing Out Knowledge: Impacts of the Children’s Internet Protection Act 10 Years Later

July 5, 2014 10:03

Source: American Library Association

From Executive Summary:

What do Hotmail, YouTube, Google Docs, Facebook, and National Geographic have in common? They offer content and services that millions of Americans use every day to communicate, share content, and seek information. They also may be filtered under the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) (47 U.S.C. 254), making them inaccessible to children and adults who rely ... <snip>

Full article »

Posted in: Children and families - Consumer issues - Crime - Education - Ethics - Industries - Internet - K-12 - Legal and law enforcement - Media and entertainment - Poverty - Security - Social and cultural issues - Technology - Telecommunications - North America - Regulation and compliance

Views: 542 | Source: American Library Association



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