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Report of Findings from an Open Data Roundtable with the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office

April 23, 2015 20:42

Source: Open Data 500

On December 8, 2014, The GovLab and the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) co-hosted an Open Data Roundtable in Washington, DC. The impetus for this event was the first Open Data Roundtable, held with the U.S. Department of Commerce where USPTO identified a need to further engage its data users in devising its open data roadmap for the next few years. At the USPTO Roundtable, Alan Marco, USPTO’s Chief ... <snip>

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Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Government and politics - Intellectual property - International - Internet - Legal and law enforcement - Technology - North America - Regulation and compliance

Source: Open Data 500


Domestic Drones and Privacy: A Primer

April 23, 2015 20:39

Source: Congressional Research Service via Federation of American Scientists

From Summary:

There are two overarching privacy issues implicated by domestic drone use. The first is defining what “privacy” means in the context of aerial surveillance. Privacy is an ambiguous term that can mean different things in different contexts. This becomes readily apparent when attempting to apply traditional privacy concepts such ... <snip>

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Posted in: Air travel - Congressional Research Service - Government and politics - Human rights - International - Internet - Legal and law enforcement - Privacy - Security - Social and cultural issues - Technology - Transportation and travel - North America - Regulation and compliance

Source: Congressional Research Service


Global Financial Stability Report April 2015

April 23, 2015 20:36

Source: International Monetary Fund

From the Preface:

The Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) assesses key risks facing the global financial system. In normal times, the report seeks to play a role in preventing crises by highlighting policies that may mitigate systemic risks, thereby contributing to global financial stability and the sustained economic growth of the IMF’s member countries.

The current ... <snip>

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Posted in: Business and economics - Industries - International - North America - Emerging Economies

Source: International Monetary Fund


The State of America's Libraries 2015

April 20, 2015 17:25

Source: American Library Association

From Press Release:

As society continues to change the way it consumes information, our nation’s libraries, librarians and library workers continue to mirror the needs of their communities. From offering free technology workshops, small business centers and 24/7 virtual access to e-Books and digital materials, libraries are transforming communities, schools and campuses.

Public ... <snip>

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Posted in: Consumer issues - Education - Human rights - Internet - K-12 - Media and entertainment - Postsecondary - Race - Social and cultural issues - Technology - Telecommunications - North America

Source: American Library Association


Broadband Quality in Public Libraries

April 20, 2015 17:21

Source: American Library Association

From Executive Summary:

From e-books to e-government services to distance learning, more of the information and services people seek and use in our nation’s public libraries are delivered and shared via wired and wireless broadband networks. Documenting and analyzing public library technology infrastructure and how it is used to enable digital inclusion in communities nationwide is the ... <snip>

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Posted in: Consumer issues - Education - Industries - Internet - Media and entertainment - Social and cultural issues - Technology - Telecommunications - North America

Source: American Library Association


Action Research to Improve Youth and Adult Literacy

April 20, 2015 17:17

Source: UNESCO

From the Foreword:

UNESCO perceives literacy as the foundation for lifelong learning. It is grounded in multilingual and multicultural practices in societies. In recent decades, research and practise has embedded youth and adult education in its linguistic and cultural context. Theory and good practice in literacy has helped improve the quality of learning outcomes and thereby improving lives of learners and ... <snip>

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Posted in: Education - International - K-12 - Postsecondary - Social and cultural issues

Source: UNESCO


Yemen at War

April 20, 2015 17:13

Source: International Crisis Group

From Overview:

The political transition, in trouble for some time, began to unravel in September 2014, when Huthi fighters captured Sanaa, toppling the widely unpopular transitional government. Neither President Hadi nor the Huthis (a predominantly Zaydi/ Shiite group, also known as Ansar Allah) honoured the soon concluded peace deal. In January, conflict over a draft constitution led the Huthis ... <snip>

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Posted in: Government and politics - International - Middle East - Military and defense - Social and cultural issues - Terrorism

Source: International Crisis Group


Europe: Statement by Commissioner Vestager on Antitrust Decisions Concerning Google

April 15, 2015 17:06

Source: European Commission

From Today’s Statement of Objections:

Since I took office last November, I have given high priority to the Google antitrust investigations. Given that we are dealing with fast moving markets, I have first updated the information in our files to make sure they reflect latest market developments. I have also met a broad range of players active in many markets, including Google. I ... <snip>

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Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Documents in the news - Europe - Globalization - Industries - International - Internet - Legal and law enforcement - Media and entertainment - Security - Technology - Telecommunications - North America

Source: European Commission


Toward a Social Compact for Digital Privacy and Security: Statement by the Global Commission on Internet Governance

April 15, 2015 17:03

Source: Chatham House

From Executive Summary:

The Global Commission on Internet Governance (GCIG) was established in January 2014 to articulate and advance a strategic vision for the future of Internet governance. In recent deliberations, the Commission discussed the potential for a damaging erosion of trust in the absence of a broad social agreement on norms for digital privacy and security. The Commission considers that, for ... <snip>

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Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Crime - Government and politics - Human rights - Industries - International - Internet - Legal and law enforcement - Media and entertainment - Military and defense - National security - Privacy - Security - Social and cultural issues - Technology - Telecommunications - Terrorism

Source: Chatham House


UK: Improving Tax Collection

April 15, 2015 17:00

Source: House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts (UK)

From the Introduction:

HMRC administers the tax system and is responsible for putting tax rules into practice. Since 2010, HMRC’s primary focus has been to increase the collection of tax revenues, while at the same time reducing the costs of collecting tax and providing a better service to customers. HMRC interacts with over 45 million people and almost 5 ... <snip>

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Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Europe - Government and politics - Legal and law enforcement - Small business and entrepreneurship - Taxation - United Kingdom

Source: House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts (UK)


The London Manifesto: Fair Copyright Reform for Libraries and Archives in Europe

April 13, 2015 17:17

Source: CILIP (UK)

Fair copyright across Europe is essential. Without it we will fail to adequately support research, innovation and growth, and hinder the ambition for a digital single market. With it we will better foster knowledge across borders, meet the needs of disabled people and take full advantage of the digital age. We are calling for fair copyright that is fit for purpose and will benefit every European citizen.

 ... <snip>

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Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Europe - Industries - Intellectual property - International - Internet - Legal and law enforcement - Media and entertainment - Social and cultural issues - Technology - United Kingdom - Regulation and compliance

Source: CILIP (UK)


Higher Education In The EU: Approaches, Issues And Trends

April 13, 2015 17:14

Source: European Parliamentary Research Service

From Press Release:

The performance and quality of higher education has become a vital sign of a country’s capacity to foster its future economic development. The race for talent is currently open on a global scale. In spite of the fact that the United States is still the global leader with 17% of international students, the EU is increasingly popular with the United Kingdom, ... <snip>

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Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Education - Europe - International - Internet - Labor - Postsecondary - Technology - Telecommunications

Source: European Parliamentary Research Service


Operation Decisive Storm: Objectives and Hurdles

April 13, 2015 17:10

Source: Al Jazeera Center for Studies

Introduction:

Operation Decisive Storm is likely to change the political and military dynamics in the Middle East for years to come. The speed at which a ten-country coalition was formed and mobilized is unprecedented in the Arab World. The coalition sent a clear message to many actors regionally and globally, especially those who have doubted Arab unity and decisiveness, that the Arab World ... <snip>

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Posted in: Government and politics - International - International Relations - Middle East - Military and defense - Terrorism

Source: Al Jazeera Center for Studies


Recovery of Rare Earths from Electronic Wastes

April 10, 2015 12:16

Source: Directorate-General for Internal Policies (EU)

From Executive Summary:

Critical raw materials, such as rare earths, have a high economic importance for the EU, combined with a high risk associated with their supply. It is expected that in the coming years, demand for rare earths will grow as consumer preferences shift towards hi-tech and green products. Therefore, the recovery of the RE elements from electronics scrap is ... <snip>

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Posted in: Asia - Business and economics - China - Environment - Europe - Industries - International - Science - Small business and entrepreneurship - Technology

Source: Directorate-General for Internal Policies (EU)


Teens, Social Media & Technology Overview 2015

April 10, 2015 12:13

Source: Pew Research Center

From Summary of Findings:

24% of teens go online “almost constantly,” facilitated by the widespread availability of smartphones.

Aided by the convenience and constant access provided by mobile devices, especially smartphones, 92% of teens report going online daily — including 24% who say they go online “almost constantly,” according to a new study from Pew Research ... <snip>

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Posted in: Children and families - Consumer issues - Education - Ethnic - Industries - International - Internet - K-12 - Media and entertainment - Social and cultural issues - Technology - Telecommunications - North America

Source: Pew Research Center


U.S. Smartphone Use in 2015

April 10, 2015 12:09

Source: Pew Research Center

From Summary of Findings:

The traditional notion of “going online” often evokes images of a desktop or laptop computer with a full complement of features, such as a large screen, mouse, keyboard, wires, and a dedicated high-speed connection. But for many Americans, the reality of the online experience is substantially different. Today nearly two-thirds of Americans own a smartphone, and 19% ... <snip>

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Posted in: Business and economics - Consumer issues - Health and healthcare - Industries - International - Internet - Labor - Media and entertainment - Social and cultural issues - Technology - Telecommunications - North America

Source: Pew Research Center


UK: The Power of Reading

April 10, 2015 12:06

Source: Save the Children

From the Introduction:

Most of us read without even thinking about it. It’s a skill we take for granted, yet one that is essential for being able to get on in life. As a child grows up, being able to read well not only enables them to discover new facts and to learn at school, but also opens them up to a world of new ideas, stories and opportunities.

Yet, one in five 11-year-olds in England ... <snip>

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Posted in: Business and economics - Children and families - Education - Europe - Government and politics - K-12 - Labor - Poverty - Social and cultural issues - Sports, recreation and leisure - United Kingdom

Source: Save the Children


The European Union: A Guide to Terminology, Procedures and Sources

April 7, 2015 18:21

Source: House of Commons Library (UK)

EC or EU law? Treaty of Rome or Treaty of Lisbon? First, Second or Third Pillar? Acquis Communautaire? Court of Justice or Court of Human Rights?

This Note aims to clarify some of the terminology used to describe the institutions, laws and procedures of the European Union. It also provides links to useful sources of information on the EU.

 

+ Link to document via this page (PDF; 554 KB)

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Posted in: Europe - Government and politics - International - Legal and law enforcement - Political process - United Kingdom

Source: House of Commons Library (UK)


The UK Constitution and the 2015 Election

April 7, 2015 18:18

Source: Institute for Government (UK)

The conventions and guidelines governing the work of ministers and civil servants during election campaigns and the process of forming a new government can be complex and are not universally understood. This short paper sets out the general guidance on government and civil service activity in the 2015 election period, highlighting some little-known aspects of the conventions, and outlines the process ... <snip>

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Posted in: Election - Europe - Government and politics - Legal and law enforcement - Political process - United Kingdom

Source: Institute for Government (UK)


UK: National Risk Register of Civil Emergencies 2015 edition

April 7, 2015 18:11

Source: Cabinet Office (UK) via GOV.UK

From Antimicrobial resistance:

An increasingly serious issue is the development and spread of AMR, which occurs when drugs are no longer effective in treating infections caused by micro-organisms. Without effective antibiotics, even minor surgery and routine operations could become high-risk procedures, leading to increased duration of illness and ultimately premature ... <snip>

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Posted in: Diseases and conditions - Documents in the news - Energy - Environment - Government and politics - Health and healthcare - Industries - Military and defense - National security - Natural Disasters - Public safety - Safety - Terrorism - Weather and climate

Source: Cabinet Office (UK)



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